Democratic Islamic Congress Final Resolution
DİYARBAKIR (DİHA) - The Democratic Islam Congress in Amed (Diyarbakır) has concluded, with a proposal to use the Medina Constitution as a model to confront the increasing violence and division that is bringing the Moslem region into chaos.
In the final resolution of the conference, it was emphasised that it was a requirement of Islam to ensure the institutionalisation and legal guarantees of the egalitarian, free exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms, taking into account the beliefs and faiths of all religions, sects, social groups and ethnic communities. The congress also passed a resolution stating: "Exalted Allah has granted the right to exist freely to the languages, cultures and differences of peoples. It is unacceptable for any political authority or religious interpretation to deprive societies of this right," noting that a resolution of the Kurdish question in Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq on the basis of rights and justice is the responsibility of Moslems. The congress elected a committee to coordinate future activities.
The final resolution passed by the congress today is as follows:
"The Democratic Islam Congress gathered here today, acting in accordance with "whoever saves a human being saves all humanity" (Koran verse 32) greets those striving for peace with the salaam of Allah. It is apparent that the Islamic world is being dragged into chaos by an increasing spiral of violence, division and conflict. However, Islam represents the universal tenets of justice, peace and humanity. The Medina Constitution has been accepted as a reference point regarding what contributions may be made by all social strata that have Islamic and human sensibilities to the building of a lasting and acceptable peace. The Constitution of Medina safeguarded the rights and freedoms of all groups in the city as the result of negotiations. Our congress proposes the Medina Constitution as a model for the resolution of current problems within the framework of dialogue, negotiation and constitution provision."
1. Practices and ideas that belong to the period of Jahiliyah [Pre-Islamic pagan period] that make communities into enemies and cause irreparable damage constitute a serious obstacle to the co-existence of peoples. Our region is today facing an unbearable crisis. This renders it imperative that the community of the faithful be reconstructed in line with the Medina Constitution.
2. The term 'community of the faithful' in article 1 of the Medina Constitution has a meaning that is multi-identity, multi-lingual and multi-faith. Political and economic approaches must note that the 'community of the faithful' consists of social groups of different religions, sects and ethnicity. It is a requirement of Islam to ensure the institutionalisation and legal guarantees of the egalitarian, free exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms.
3. "The differences of language and origin are from Allah" (Rum-22) guarantees the right of communities to use their mother tongue. Exalted Allah has granted the right to peoples to freely use their languages, cultures and differences. It is unacceptable for any political authority or religious interpretation to deprive societies of this right.
4. The Kurds are one of the ancient peoples who have throughout history fulfilled their responsibilities and made sacrifices on behalf of the community of the faithful. The community of the faithful must now show responsibility and make sacrifices for the Kurds, who face authoritarian secular, nation-statist, sectarian and racist attacks.
5. Women, who make up half of society and give birth to the other half, have been distanced from the social, cultural, political and economic spheres. Women and children are subjected to attacks in daily life, particularly in war. Our congress rejects the masculine mentality and the approach of governments that imposes violence, abuse and rape of women and enforces child marriage.
6. The management attributes of women are praised in the Koran. It is therefore essential that women play an equal role in society. Our congress accepts and recognises the equal and autonomous representation of women in society.
7. The problems, persecution and executions encountered by peoples exercising the legitimate, natural and political rights recognised by Islam are unacceptable. The injustice generated by executions in Iran, death sentences in Egypt, the sectarian understandings of the regimes in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia and the tribal approach in Libya and Yemen strike at the heart of societies. Such approaches must be abandoned.
8. The will for peace expressed by the sides seeking a peaceful resolution of the Kurdish question in Turkey should be considered important. In order for there to be a lasting peace the necessary legal provisions should be urgently introduced, taking into consideration the tenets of negotiation in the Medina Constitution. The Congress participants invite Islamic circles to become aware of their responsibilities and play an active role in the peace process. A resolution of the Kurdish question in Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq on the basis of rights and justice is the responsibility of Moslems. All social strata, communities and organisations such as the Arab Union and the Organisation of the Islamic Conference must play a more active role.
9. The clashes occurring in Syria and Rojava threaten the peaceful co-existence of peoples. Our congress believes that the policies of organisations that carry out violence in the name of Islam, and governments that support them, are not in any way compatible with the essence of Islam.
10. Our congress invites all states in the region to open their borders to allow humanitarian aid to have free passage.
11. Ethnic and sectarian clashes all over the world, first and foremost in our region, create anxiety. This is a deviation from the universal tenets of Islam that are for peace and justice. Policies that harm the peaceful coexistence of peoples should be abandoned immediately.
12. The fundamental teaching of Islam and its political experience is based on an equal approach to different ethnic groups, beliefs and cultures. In this context in Turkey fundamental rights and freedoms for all groups, such as Alevis, Armenians, Syriacs and Yezidis, must be granted constitutional safeguards.
13. Our congress does not accept the Directorate of Religious Affairs' (Diyanet) monopoly over religion and attaches importance to a pluralist Islamic approach instead of the pro-state approach of the Diyanet. Religious education and tuition should be left to civil society, first and foremost madrasahs, and all obstructions to this lifted. Our congress has been dedicated to the persons of Melle Abdullah Timoki, Sheikh Said and Said-i Kurdi on behalf of all those members of madrasahs who have striven for the learning of true Islam.
14. Our congress attaches importance to a just, democratic, pluralist, egalitarian and pro-freedom understanding of Islam as an alternative to dominant capitalist modernity.
15. Our congress greatly values the message sent by Mr Abdullah Öcalan, who played a leading role in the initiation of the congress. We support and request in our prayers his freedom in order that he may make a more effective contribution to the peace process.
Participants from Turkey, Iran, Federal Kurdistan, the Arab countries and Islamic scholars from Europe, academics and politicians attended our congress on 10-11 May 2014 in Diyarbakır. In order to continue the work of the Democratic Islam Congress, the 350 delegates at the congress elected a committee to ensure a more systematic and comprehensive structure is established to consolidate the work of the congress